CNC (Computer Numerical Control) Manufacturing process is a manufacturing method that refers to using computer software to control machinery, producing the desired parts and components based on specifications and requirements. Numerous factors are considered before the project begins, including the choice of CNC material.
The product quality and accuracy will depend on the type of CNC machining materials to be used, but determining which is suitable for your project can be daunting. The wrong material can lead to failure if it compromises the product's performance.
Fortunately, our guide can help you pick the right material based on your project's needs. We'll provide a brief overview of the different CNC machine materials, as well as factors to be considered before you can make a decision.
In CNC machining, pre-programmed software and codes will control how the tools and production equipment are operated. It handles some of the most complex machinery, such as drills, lathes, mills, grinders, and 3D printers.
The tools carry out different dimensional tasks, such as cutting, drilling, and removing material from a workpiece to create a predetermined design. The CNC process is highly precise and accurate, offering consistency that surpasses manual production methods.
Before selecting a CNC material for your upcoming project, it's highly recommended to consider some of the material's characteristics and properties to help you make an informed choice.
These characteristics include the following:
- Part Weight: The part's weight is essential because it will dictate the finished product’s cost, manufacturability, and performance. Heavier parts require more materials, which increases the production costs. Also, heavy parts will need more powerful machines to manufacture, which can also lengthen the production time.
- Heat Resistance: The material's ability to resist high temperatures is imperative in applications that expose the product to harsh environments. Furthermore, these materials undergo vicious heating and cooling cycles during the machining process. Therefore, the CNC material must have superior heat resistance for a streamlined manufacturing process.
- Electrical Conductivity and Magnetic Requirements: CNC machining materials with high electrical conductivity are often preferred because they can dissipate heat effectively. It's crucial during the machining process to prevent the material from warping or being deformed. In addition, non-magnetic materials are also favored since they won't get easily affected by the machining process’ magnetic field, leading to cleaner cuts.
- Hardness: Hard CNC machine materials are challenging to cut, drill, or shape. It can result in poor surface finish and tool wear and breakage. On the other hand, soft materials can be machined easily, but they may not hold up well in specific applications. Finding a balance between hardness and machinability is vital for the overall success of your project.
- Surface Finish: If surface finish is critical in your projects, it's best to choose a material that's machinable to the desired finish. A smooth surface finish means less friction, which improves lifespan and offers better performance.
- Aesthetics: Visually appealing, easily polished, coated, or painted materials are often chosen for specific projects. Selecting CNC machining materials that offer the desired aesthetic qualities for your end product is crucial, especially in retail settings.
The most common CNC machine materials for CNC machined parts and components are metal due to their numerous benefits. These include:
- Aluminum: Aluminum has an exceptional strength-to-weight ratio, is excellent for large volumes, is lightweight, and corrosion resistant. Its high machinability makes it a better option than other CNC machine materials, such as steel.
- Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is durable and tough, while offering superior corrosion resistance, wear resistance, and resistance to distortion. Its glossy appearance makes it an attractive option, and it comes in different grades for multiple applications.
- Carbon Steel and its Alloys: Carbon steel and similar alloys are ideal for various projects since it has incredible strength and machinability. Different heat treatment techniques can even improve their mechanical properties.
- Copper and its Alloys: Widely known for its outstanding electrical and thermal conductivity, copper is a top choice for electrical and electronic projects. It's also malleable and offers aesthetic appeal, which is beneficial in jewelry production.
- Titanium: This CNC material has a better strength-to-weight ratio, so it’s incredibly lightweight. It also features excellent corrosion resistance, ideal for highly corrosive environments.
- Magnesium: Its superb thermal properties make it a perfect choice for projects requiring high-temperature parts. It also offers an outstanding balance between strength and lightweight, so it’s a material often used in the production of lighter vehicles.
CNC machining can work on diverse materials, but you must settle on a material compatible with your projects. Consider its application and your requirements before making your choice. With suitable CNC material, you can produce top-quality parts and components that meet your expectations and drive success to your projects.
At Coweta Tech Precision, we can help you find the best material based on your specifications. Paired with our superior CNC machining services, we can easily improve your bottom line. Contact us today if you want to know more about our services and our team can find a cost-effective solution tailored to your needs!